What types of braces do we have, and the variety appliance systems that we use in orthodontics? We have metal braces, which a lot of people like because our metal brackets today are made of stainless steel. They’re a smaller bracket series, so they don’t cover the entire tooth like the braces of old did. We have porcelain or ceramic brackets, which are clear. They’re made of glass. They do tend to be a little bit bigger and bulkier than our stainless steel brackets, but they’re nearly invisible, you can barely see them. The other option that we use is Invisalign, and Invisalign is a series of clear aligners that you place in the mouth, and you wear them almost 24/7 throughout the day, and what Invisalign does is incrementally moves teeth over a period of two weeks by switching out aligners, and it’s all based on a treatment plan that we put into the Invisalign system.
The type of orthodontics braces that is best for someone varies depending on a number of factors. There are three main types available from an orthodontics dentist or orthodontist and each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. The three main types are metal braces, clear ceramic braces and invisible “lingual” braces.
Orthodontics braces are well known for being able to straighten teeth that are either cooked or even crowded. They can even be used to help with a missing tooth. What is not as widely known is that all three main types can provide help when a patients’ bite or jaw is not aligned properly.
Braces are typically worn for about two years depending on the amount of corrections that need to take place. With all three main types a metal wire or elastic band goes through brackets which are bonded to the teeth. Since the braces are consistently correcting the position of the teeth regular follow up visits are made to an orthodontics dentist or orthodontist in order for adjustments to be made. This ensures that the teeth are ultimately corrected in the desired fashion so the patient ends up with a straightened smile that lasts a lifetime.
Metal braces are considered to be the traditional type of braces. Quite simply, a metal wire is run through metal brackets that are attached to the teeth. This type works very well.
The major disadvantage with conventional metal braces that causes many people to decide on another type is the fact that they are the most visible type. Those people who believe they may feel somewhat self conscious while wearing metal braces often seriously consider one of the two other main options.
The major advantage to metal braces is that these are the least expensive type to wear. Those people who want to keep the cost down often seriously consider this type.
Ceramic braces are the second main type. These are made from materials that allow them to be close in color to that of the teeth themselves. This makes the brackets that are attached to the teeth much more difficult to see. For this reason ceramic braces are sometimes called clear braces.
The wire or elastic used with clear ceramic brackets can also be in a less noticeable, tooth colored shade.
Clear ceramic brackets are not especially fragile but because of the materials used they are certainly considered more likely to break than metal braces. This should not be a big concern for many people though. Those people involved in contact sports would be the type of people who would need to use extra caution when wearing this type.
Clear ceramic braces are more expensive than metal braces and this may be a concern for some people.
The third main type of braces is lingual braces. This type is bonded to the inside or back side of the teeth instead of on the front side.
Since lingual braces cannot be readily seen by others these are referred to as invisible braces. This is the major advantage with the lingual type.
The down side is that invisible lingual braces cost more than the metal or clear ceramic type.
When deciding on braces from an orthodontic dentist or orthodontist consider how visible they will be as well as the cost since these are the main issues people have.